Whilst a small amount of research and ongoing advocacy for tertiary-level musicians’ health education exists, there is still a need for health education resources to be tested, particularly with the secondary school music community. This scoping review study evaluated the range of evidence from health promotion interventions trialled at secondary schools and tertiary music institutions globally and across all genres of music. We investigated aspects such as the types of strategies that had been implemented and evaluated, and the enablers or barriers with implementation. Scoping reviews aim to map the key concepts that underpin a research area, allowing the researchers to synthesise the extent of evidence from multiple study designs. This ‘mapping’ of research evidence can then be used to formulate recommendations for future research. Findings may potentially inform health education strategies and curriculum development for implementation and evaluation in diverse music education contexts.